The causes of diabetes type 2 can be primarily traced to two factors, one of which we have control over and one that we do not.
Both types are potentially dangerous as they can damage the kidney as well as other critical organs of the body.
Of everyone with diabetes, over 90% of them will have type 2 diabetes.
Type 2 diabetes is the type of condition where the body has an inability to accept or process insulin well enough.
Some body tissues may not respond well to insulin or the insulin receptor cells may be abnormal. Due to the inability of the receptors to sense insulin, it is not accepted by our body’s tissues and there is an increased level of insulin in our blood stream.
Hereditary Causes of Type 2 Diabetes
It’s not hard to draw a connection between hereditary as one cause of type 2 diabetes. If you have a close member with type 2 diabetes, your chances of eventually contracting type 2 diabetes is increased by approximately 15%.
Scientists have already identified genes that they believe may be responsible for the genetic component of type 2 diabetes. Their theories are being tested in laboratories today. One hereditary theory believes that type 2 diabetes is triggered from the actions of genes that were once critical to survival. They believe that these genes serve no purpose now, but are still having influence over the way the body handles stored carbohydrates and stored fats.
Obesity Causes of Type 2 Diabetes
Obesity has already been proven as one of the lading risk factors for developing diabetes. As you gain weight, your body becomes more prone to insulin resistance which can gradually develop into diabetes. Research shows that this is especially true if the obesity or weight gain is centered around the abdomen as opposed to other parts of the body such as the hips or breasts.
Fats around the abdominal area are often credited as one of the causes of type 2 diabetes. These produce adipokines that can impair the body’s tolerance of insulin. Other factors to type 2 diabetes are age and a family history of diabetes. Type 2 diabetes usually has a strong inheritance pattern compared to type 1 diabetes.
Researches studying the link between obesity and type 2 diabetes believe that, even if strong hereditary factors are present, a careful approach to diet focused on controlling weight gain can either delay the onset of type 2 diabetes or prevent it entirely.
Treating Type 2 Diabetes
In most cases, type 2 diabetes is treated by focusing on the weight aspect. The patient is advised to lose weight by changing his diet. He is also advised to exercise. In some cases, medication will be required. The intent here is to gain immediate control over some of the symptoms of diabetes and to help prevent the disease from wrecking havoc on the body’s system.